Ferrara-Florence, Council of

   Church council of 14381439 that achieved a union of the churches (q.v.) on paper, though not in reality. In return for accepting the papacy's (q.v.) position on such crucial doctrines as papal primacy, the filioque, and use of azyma in the Eucharist, Byzantium (qq.v.) expected effective military aid against the Ottomans (q.v.), which the papacy could not provide. The Crusade that Pope Eugenius IV (qq.v.) called met utter defeat at Varna (q.v.) in 1444. Emperor John V (q.v.) and his entourage, except for Mark of Ephesus (q.v.), who refused to sign the council's decrees, were subjected to relentless hostility upon their return. By comparison, the first union of the churches at the Council of Lyons (q.v.) in 1274 achieved more practical results. Patriarch Joseph II (qq.v.) escaped direct insult by dying in Florence, but Isidore of Kiev (q.v.) was deposed and imprisoned upon his return to Moscow (q.v.) in 1440.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Ferrara-Florence, Council of — (1438–45) Ecumenical council held in an attempt to reunify the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. It was called by Pope Eugenius IV; the Eastern church was represented by Emperor John VIII Palaeologus and others. Fear of facing the… …   Universalium

  • Ferrara-Florence, Council of —    General council of the Latin Church summoned by Pope Eugenius IV in 1437. It convened at Ferrara on 8 January 1438. The sessions were soon moved to Florence, where the city s political leader, Cosimo de Medici, offered financial support. The… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Florence, Council of — • The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council was the continuation of the Council of Ferrara Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence — noun the council in 1431 1439 that concentrated on the elimination of heresies and on reforms within the Roman Catholic Church • Hypernyms: ↑council …   Useful english dictionary

  • council — /kown seuhl/, n. 1. an assembly of persons summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice. 2. a body of persons specially designated or selected to act in an advisory, administrative, or legislative capacity: the governor s… …   Universalium

  • Florence — /flawr euhns, flor /, n. 1. Italian, Firenze. a city in central Italy, on the Arno River: capital of the former grand duchy of Tuscany. 464,425. 2. a city in NW Alabama, on the Tennessee River. 37,029. 3. a city in E South Carolina. 30,062. 4. a… …   Universalium

  • Council of Florence — Council of Basel–Ferrara–Florence Date 1431–45 Accepted by Catholicism Previous council Council of Constance Next council Fifth Council of the Lateran …   Wikipedia

  • Council of Florence —     The Council of Florence     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Council of Florence     The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council was, correctly speaking, the continuation of the Council of Ferrara, transferred to the Tuscan capital because of the pest;… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ferrara — Infobox CityIT img coa = Ferrara Stemma.png official name = Comune di Ferrara name = Ferrara region = Emilia Romagna province = Ferrara (FE) elevation m = 9 area total km2 = 404 population as of = May 31, 2007 population total = 133266 population …   Wikipedia

  • Ferrara — • Archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ferrara     Ferrara     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

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